Choline L-Bitartrate


Choline L-Bitartrate


Choline is part of phosphatidylcholine, one of the lipids that ensure the integrity of cell membranes.


The brain is especially rich in choline because this substance is important for memory function and thinking ability. Choline is also part of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter important for the transmission of information in the brain. Choline “detoxifies” the brain and optimizes mental health.


  • Important for memory function
  • Optimizes mental health



  • Guerrerio AL, Colvin RM, Schwartz AK, Molleston JP, Murray KF, Diehl A, Mohan P, Schwimmer JB, Lavine JE, Torbenson MS, Scheimann AO. Choline intake in a large cohort of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Apr;95(4):892-900.
  • Knott V, de la Salle S, Choueiry J, Impey D, Smith D, Smith M, Beaudry E, Saghir S, Ilivitsky V, Labelle A. Neurocognitive effects of acute choline supplementation in low, medium and high performer healthy volunteers. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2015 Apr;131:119-29.
  • Wozniak JR, Fuglestad AJ, Eckerle JK, Fink BA, Hoecker HL, Boys CJ, Radke JP, Kroupina MG, Miller NC, Brearley AM, Zeisel SH, Georgieff MK. Choline supplementation in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Nov;102(5):1113-25.
  • Zeisel SH. Choline: needed for normal development of memory. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000 Oct;19(5 Suppl):528S-531S.

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